SCHOOL RESOURCES PROGRAM
1. Briefly describe the structure of the program.
School districts in Arizona are completely separate from cities and towns, each having their own elected officials, budgets and employees. However, the City of Scottsdale, Arizona, has a very cooperative relationship with the Scottsdale School District, one of five different school districts within the City’s borders. One good example of this cooperative relationship is the School Resources program, which addresses the prevention of violence.
The Scottsdale Police Department (SPD) School Resources program is comprised of nine officers and a Sergeant. One officer is assigned to each of five middle schools and four high schools in the Scottsdale School District. The middle school officers are also responsible for the elementary schools that feed into their assigned school. Each officer has an office in the school and can be reached by voice mail pagers. SPD also has four D.A.R.E. officers that teach that program in the elementary schools, and they are assigned to a Community Affairs supervisor.
2. When was the program created and why?
The School Resource Officer (SRO) program was initiated in 1986 as a cooperative venture between SPD and the Scottsdale School District to create safer school campuses and create more cooperation between officers and young people. Initially, there was only one officer assigned for the entire city.
3. How do you measure the effectiveness of the program?
Each officer fills out an activity report and a case status report, which is submitted at the end of each month. The activity report tracks how the officer’s time is spent, number and type of presentations and number in attendance, etc. When officers present the five hour SAVE (Students Against a Violent Environment program), students complete a survey to gauge the effectiveness of the program and the presenter. The case status report tracks the number and type of criminal incidents occurring on and off campus, number of suspects, case disposition, etc. These monthly statistics are captured and automatically tabulated on an Excel spreadsheet, and compared against quarterly performance goals.
4. How is the program financed?
The School District currently finances approximately 80% of the salaries for the High School officers, and the Police Department pays the remainder, as well as providing a take-home vehicle. A portion of the salary for the Middle School Officers and Sergeant are currently funded by a federal COPS Universal grant that provides funding from 1997 through 2000.
5. How is the community involved in the programHow has the community responded?
Community members get involved primarily through Parent Teacher Student Association organizations and charitable organizations, such as the Scottsdale Charros and the Scottsdale Community Liaison Council. Citizens have also helped with projects such as making a video and booklet for the RESPECT program, a program aimed at breaking down stereotypes and improving communication between officers and young adults. Members of the community have sponsored T-shirts, field trips and even a concert for students completing the S.A.V.E. program. These efforts have been promoted on the local cable access channel and have been well received by the community.
*S.A.V.E. stands for Students Against a Violent Environment and is presented to 6th or 7th grade students. It is presented in five lessons and includes lesson plans with overheads, a student workbook, a final test, and a graduation certificate.
**In addition to educational programs and enforcement on campuses, Officers Dave Kamleiter and Eric Williams have drafted a comprehensive Crisis Management Plan currently being reviewed by the School District. In addition to listing response procedures, the manual addresses violence and accident prevention, forming Emergency Response and Crisis Mgmt. teams, etc.
Scottsdale Schools also employ peer mediation teams, student courts, and mentoring and counseling programs to help students resolve issues without violence.
6. Contact person:
The United States Conference of Mayors
J. Thomas Cochran, Executive Director
Copyright © 1999, US Conference of Mayors, All rights reserved.