A Status Report on Youth Curfews in America's Cities

A 347-City Survey

Many cities have imposed youth curfews in recent years. A 1995 survey by The U.S. Conference of Mayors found that 272 cities, 70 percent of those surveyed, had a nighttime curfew. Fifty-seven percent of these cities considered their curfew effective.

Since that survey was done the trend toward establishing curfews—both nighttime and daytime—has continued and more is known about their impact. This report updates the 1995 survey and provides additional information on the effectiveness of those curfews.

The 1997 survey gathered information from 347 cities with a population over 30,000. Mayors and city officials were asked for information on:

  1. the use of both daytime and nighttime curfews,
  2. perceptions of whether curfew enforcement is a good use of police officers' time,
  3. perceptions of whether curfews make streets safer at night, cut down on daytime truancy,
  4. effectiveness of curfew enforcement in curbing gang violence or gang activities,
  5. increases or decreases in crime rates since curfews have been in effect,
  6. police department costs associated with curfew enforcement,
  7. problems encountered in implementing curfews and
  8. constitutional challenges to curfews.

Among the findings of the survey:

Survey Cities Which Have A Curfew

The 276 survey cities with a curfew are listed below. Those with an * have both a daytime and a nighttime curfew; the rest have a nighttime curfew only.

ALABAMA Birmingham * Gadsden  
ALASKA Anchorage    
ARIZONA Chandler
Gilbert
Glendale
Phoenix
Surprise
Tempe
Tucson
Yuma
ARKANSAS Fort Smith North Little Rock * Pine Bluff *
CALIFORNIA Anaheim
Antioch
Bakersfield
Brea
Buena Park *
Burbank *
Claremont *
Colton *
Concord
Covina *
Culver City
El Cajon *
Escondido *
Fairfield *
Fontana *
Fountain Valley
Fresno
Gardena *
Hayward *
Inglewood
La Habra *
Lancaster *
Lodi
Lompoc *
Long Beach *
Los Angeles
Manhattan Beach *
Modesto
Montebello *
Monterey *
Napa *
Newark
Oxnard *
Pittsburg
Poway *
Riverside *
San Clemente
San Francisco
San Jose *
San Ramon
Santa Ana
Santa Barbara *
Santa Cruz
Santa Rosa
Stockton *
Thousand Oaks
Torrence *
Tulare
Upland *
West Covina *
COLORADO Aurora
Denver
Loveland
Pueblo
Thornton
Westminster
CONNECTICUT New Britain West Haven  
FLORIDA Fort Lauderdale *
Garden Grove
Jacksonville
Miami Beach
North Miami
Orlando
Pembroke Pines
Port Orange
GEORGIA Augusta *
East Point *
Macon Roswell
HAWAII Honolulu Kaua'i Wailuku Maui
IDAHO Boise Idaho Falls  
IOWA Cedar Rapids Waterloo  
ILLINOIS Arlington Heights
Aurora
Bartlett
Bloomington
Bolingbrook *
Buffalo Grove
Carbondale
Champaign
Chicago
Decatur
Elk Grove *
Evanston
Freeport
Glencoe
Highland Park
Lansing *
Lombard *
Moline
Mount Prospect
Naperville
Normal
Palatine
Paris
Park Ridge *
Pekin *
Rockford
Schaumburg
Waukegan *
Wheeling
INDIANA Carmel
Columbia City
Elkhart
Fort Wayne
Marion
Michigan City
New Albany
South Bend
KANSAS Hutchinson Olathe Witchita *
KENTUCKY Frankfort Lexington Louisville
LOUISIANA Houma
Lake Charles
New Orleans * Shreveport
MAINE Augusta    
MASSACHUSETTS Chicopee
Lowell
Lynn
Malden
Methuen
Revere
MARYLAND Hagerstown    
MICHIGAN Allen Park
Battle Creek
Dearborn
Dearborn Heights
Detroit *
East Point
Farmington Hills
Holland
Jackson
Lansing
Livonia
Midland
Muskegon
St. Claire Shores
Wyoming
MINNESOTA Blaine
Brooklyn Park
Burnsville
Maplewood
Minneapolis *
Minnetonka
Rochester
MISSISSIPPI Biloxi *
Greenville *
Natchez * Tupelo *
MISSOURI Chesterfield
Chillicothe
Kansas City
St. Charles
St. Joseph
St. Peters
University City
MONTANA Billings Great Falls  
NEBRASKA Bellevue    
NEVADA Las Vegas    
NEW HAMPSHIRE Nashua    
NEW JERSEY Elizabeth
Gloucester
Jersey City * Newark
NEW MEXICO Rio Rancho * Roswell *  
NEW YORK Buffalo
Jamestown
Schenectady Troy
NORTH CAROLINA Charlotte Jacksonville  
NORTH DAKOTA Fargo Grand Forks  
OHIO Akron *
Canton
Chillicothe
Cincinnati
Cleveland *
Columbus *
Elyria
Euclid
Fairborn
Lima (Recently lost day)
Mansfield
Parma *
Shaker Heights
Toledo
University Heights
Waynesville
OKLAHOMA Lawton Oklahoma City Tulsa
OREGON Beaverton    
PENNSYLVANIA Allentown *
Erie
Harrisburg
Lancaster
McKeesport
Philadelphia *
Pittsburgh *
Wilkes-Barre
PUERTO RICO Caguas San Juan  
RHODE ISLAND North Providence Pawtucket  
SOUTH CAROLINA Charleston Columbia Rock Hill
SOUTH DAKOTA Rapid City    
TENNESSEE Chattanooga
Germantown
Hendersonville
Knoxville *
Memphis
TEXAS Arlington *
Austin *
Corpus Christi *
Fort Worth
Galveston *
Houston *
Killeen
League City *
Mesquite
Plano
San Angelo
San Antonio *
Temple *
Waco
Wichita Falls
UTAH Murray
Ogden
Salt Lake City Sandy
VIRGINIA Cheasapeake
Newport News
Norfolk
Richmond *
Roanoke
Virginia Beach
WASHINGTON Bellingham Longview Wenatchee *
WEST VIRGINIA Parkersburg    
WISCONSIN Beloit *
Brookfield
Green Bay
Greenfield
Manitowoc
Sheboygan
West Allis
WYOMING Casper Cheyenne  

Survey Cities Which Do Not Have A Curfew

The 71 survey cities listed below do not have a youth curfew.

ALABAMA Decatur Huntsville Mobile
ARKANSAS Fayetteville Hot Springs  
CALIFORNIA Dublin
Livermore
Oakland
Rancho Palos Verdes
Richmond
San Luis Obispo
Santa Clara
Sunnyvale
COLORADO Fort Collins Greeley Lakewood
CONNECTICUT Middletown
New Haven
Stamford Wallingford
FLORIDA Boca Raton
Bradenton
Clearwater
Fort Myers
Holy Hill
Miramar
Palm Bay
Port St. Lucie
St. Petersburg
Sarasota
Tallahassee
Tamarac
ILLINOIS Galesburg    
IOWA Des Moines    
KANSAS Topeka    
MASSACHUSETTS Attleboro
Boston
Haverhill Salem
MICHIGAN Port Huron Rochester Hills  
NEBRASKA Lincoln Omaha  
NEW JERSEY Bridgewater
Edison
Fort Lee West Orange
NEW YORK Freeport
Mount Vernon
New Rochelle
White Plains
Yonkers
NORTH CAROLINA Greensboro
Wilmington
Wilson Winston-Salem
OHIO Centerville Kettering  
RHODE ISLAND Cranston Providence  
TEXAS Abliene
Denton
Longview Lufkin
VIRGINIA Alexandria Lynchburg  
WASHINGTON Auburn
Richland
Seattle Spokane
WISCONSIN Wausau    

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The United States Conference of Mayors

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